What is back pain?
According to National Institute of Health: “back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain that makes it hard to move. It can start quickly if you fall or lift something too heavy, or it can get worse slowly.”
Back pain is the most common complaint for most people. The lower back portion of our body is the most prone to back pain since it bears almost all of our body weight. According to studies, back pain is a condition that is caused when bones, muscles or the spinal cord gets affected or damaged.
9 out of 10 adults experienced back pain. Fortunately, this condition can be prevented. Physicians can treat it with certain surgical procedures or through simple and proper exercise.
Common Causes of Back Pain
Overweight and Obese people are more at risk of this condition. Our body can only bear half of our weight. Once you gain more, and exceeds the ideal weight, you place more pressure in your spinal cord and experience moderate to severe back pain. That’s why pregnant women suffer moderate to severe back pain since the baby adds more weight on their bodies.
Treatment: If you consult your primary physician, they will advise you to go on a diet and to exercise in order to prevent further bone and spine damage. Maintaining healthy weight can decrease the risk of experiencing back pain. Pregnant women are also advised to consume more calcium in order to strengthen their bones.
- Back Injuries/Sprains
Most of us have extracurricular activities and sports to keep us healthy. Even on normal days, we do a lot of body works, lifting, twisting and exercise. The second most common cause of back pain is injuries, sprains or strains. We tend to over exercise to the point that we damage the cartilages, bones and muscles. Once we have damaged muscles, we can experience a severe back pain that needs medical treatment or surgery.
Treatment: Physicians will advise you to rest if the condition is tolerable. But for severe conditions, doctors will give you pain medications and sometimes place a back brace to immobilize your body and allow it to recover from stress.
- Bad body position
Bad body posture is a common cause of back pain. An example of bad posture is sitting for a long time and slouching. When we slouch or sit for a long time, our muscles works much harder to keep the bones and spines balanced. Stressed muscles can lead to back pain and fatigue.
Treatment: Working and sitting 8 hrs a day can really cause back pain. Stretching your muscles and standing can help you relax and prevent backache. In severe cases, physicians will need to apply a back brace to correct damaged muscles.
- Poor lifestyle
Some of us are workaholics or maybe we just don’t have the time to exercise. Stiffness and stressed muscles related to lack of exercise can cause moderate to severe back pain.
Treatment: Changing your lifestyle can help you lessen the risk of having back pain. Physicians will ask you to limit or avoid smoking since it contributes to damaging your body’s natural healing process. You will also be advised to eat nutritious foods, exercise on a daily basis to strengthen your muscles and spine. Furthermore, they will also ask you to take calcium supplements to support your bones.
- Anxiety and Stress
Stress contributes to back pains. When you are depressed or very stressed, you tend to pressure your body. Slouching and fetal posture is the common position we do when we are dealing with a problem or coping with stress. It will make our muscles stiffer and sometimes cause damage to our ligaments.
Treatment: Consulting a psychologist will help you lessen the level of your stress and anxiety. They will help you recover from the emotional stress you are currently suffering from. Damaged muscles will be corrected with back brace and bed rest.
When you need critical health support, you can always go to your nearest chiropractic doctor. They know better in treating severe back pain since they are specialize in the neuromusculoskeletal system of the body. Providing an extra care to your body will prevent you from having back pains.